Among the conflict and poor countries, there are also quite peaceful, safe and interesting for tourists. Many travelers are familiar with countries such as South Africa, Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt. And about where you can have a good time south of the Sahara, we will tell in this article.
1. Sierra Leone
Perhaps the most unexpected state on this list is Sierra Leone, which was recently torn apart by civil war for ten years. However, since 2002, serious changes have taken place in Sierra Leone and today it is already among the peace-loving countries according to the Global Security Index (GPI). Sierra Leone is considered one of the most religiously tolerant states in the world, and the life expectancy of the local population is 57 years, which is not bad by African standards.
Sierra Leone has many beautiful nature reserves, such as the Gala Rain Forest or Outamba Kilimi National Park, clean beaches on the Atlantic coast, and its capital Freetown is the oldest city in West Africa.
Security Leader on the African Continent. Whether this is due to the fact that peace and tranquility are one of the main features of the people of Tswana and the Bushmen, or whether Botswana understand what economic contribution tourists make, but somehow there is a very low crime rate.
True, no one promises that you will not be attacked by baboons, so during the safari, it is recommended not to feed these warlike monkeys and not even smile at them. In general, there are a lot of animals in Botswana; for example, the largest elephant population in the world lives here.
One of the most popular tourist attractions, along with a safari to the Kalahari desert and a visit to national parks, dating back to the 30s of the last century, is the search for ancient treasures hidden from the colonialists in the caves of Gchvihab. No one has yet found the treasure, but the caves themselves with amazing stalactites up to 10 meters long are worth it to go to the north of the country for them.
In 2008, Ghana was identified by the Global Security Index as the safest country in Africa and has since been at the top of the list. Internal conflicts are rare in the country and it has peaceful relations with its neighbors. The tourists here are very friendly and speak English to them – this is the official language of Ghana.
Here you can visit numerous nature reserves with elephants, antelopes, monkeys, and other exotic animals, visit the ruins of castles and fortresses of Cape Post and Elmina, listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and spend time on clean, low-populated beaches.
This country in South-West Africa is an oasis of stability and security on a turbulent black continent. It was discovered quite late (in 1878) by Europeans, quickly emerged from all internal and external conflicts and is now one of the richest African countries.
Here is the oldest desert on earth – Namib, the legendary Skeleton Coast, many national parks, the site of the fall of the largest Khob meteorite, the second largest after the Colorado Canyon and much more.
Namibia has good motorways, and The Desert Express tourist train runs between the capital of Windhoek and the resort town of Swakopmund, making stops in particularly noteworthy places along the way.
Uganda and the GPI, and public tourism opinion is considered a safe country for foreigners. Perhaps this is due to the fact that it is not customary for merchants and barkers to pester people, perhaps because the share of the urban population in the country is only 13%, and the main attractions are not in the villages.
Tourists in Uganda need to have time to see a lot: one of the Queen Elizabeth National Parks in Africa, Entebbe Botanical Garden, where they shot the first film about Tarzan, the Ruvenzori mountain range – most likely, their ancient Egyptians called the Moon Mountains. They engage in sailing on Lake Victoria and rafting on the Nile, which originates in Uganda.
If the locals here do not cause much concern to tourists, then you need to be careful with animals, especially if you see an elephant with an elephant. By the way, Uganda has located on the main migratory route of the northern birds: eagles, cuckoos, swallows, kites and many of the usual birds that we spend winter here.
6. Cape Verde
Cape Verde or Cape Verde is an archipelago off the west coast of Africa. Calmness, tranquility, relative cleanliness and an acceptable level of service (European companies invest in local tourism) await tourists here in the homeland of the famous singer Cesaria Evora.
The islands have quite picturesque landscapes: extinct volcanoes, mountain ranges where you can do trekking, flowering meadows in which you just need to take a walk. But the main feature of Cape Verde, of course, is the ocean – it is used at full capacity: from beaches with black volcanic sand, continuing to dive to shipwrecks and ending with windsurfing, schools of which are on every island, but Sal Island is especially famous for them.
Kenya, a Masai country and a visiting card of true African nature, is very beautiful, welcoming and touristly developed. Mount Kenya is the second highest continent on the continent after Kilimanjaro. You can watch schools of migratory birds all over the country, and the view of the highest mountain in Africa (Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania) from the Kenyan Ambosseli park is perhaps even better than the view from the mountain itself.
The inhabitants of Tanzania are friendly and smiling, but, like everywhere else, travelers should not lose their vigilance – there are enough robbers here. But in Tanzania, there are still many tourists who come here without fear. Here, in the homeland of Freddie Mercury, there is something to see.
Firstly, the Kilimanjaro volcano, to the top of which numerous hiking trails lead. Secondly, the island of Zanzibar is a resort place where the beautiful Stone Town founded by Arabs in the 9th century is located. From here they go on tours for spices, during which you can cut cinnamon and try unfamiliar spices. Thirdly, the famous Serengeti National Park, which occupies a huge area and where more than three million large wild animals live.
Fourth, the Ngorongoro Biosphere Reserve, located in the colossal (21 km in diameter) crater of an extinct volcano. About 25 thousand different animals live in it and here is the highest concentration of predators in all of Africa.
Madagascar is a separate mainland in miniature: it is so similar to neither Africa nor any other place on earth. There are amazing landscapes, and 80% of the living animals and plants are not found anywhere else.
The island has many natural parks and protected areas. The largest reserve of Tsing de Bemaraha, which, like many others, is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The country is rich in beautiful beaches; it is traditionally believed that swimming on the west coast is safer – there are fewer sharks.
Zimbabwe is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Africa: it is here, on the border with Zambia, that the famous Victoria Falls is located. In Zambia, by the way, there are fewer tourists, so those who prefer a more secluded setting are advised to enjoy the miracle of nature there.
In Zimbabwe, the environmental structure works very well and there are unusually many animals even for Africa, so hunting is allowed in some places (almost everywhere on the continent is already prohibited).
In addition to countless national parks, there is also a unique historical site – the stone ruins of Greater Zimbabwe: a pagan temple complex built over a thousand years ago.
Tourists going on a trip to Africa must be vaccinated; their list is usually on the embassy website. Even in countries where vaccination is not necessary for trips, it is necessary to take antimalarial pills and start taking them before the trip. It is strictly forbidden to use raw water even for brushing your teeth.